Pre-Eclampsia - Fakih IVF
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  • Pre-Eclampsia


    Pre-eclampsia is defined as having high blood pressure and excess protein in the urine after 20 weeks of pregnancy in a woman who previously had normal blood pressure. High blood pressure in this case may be just a slight increase in blood pressure. If left untreated, pre-eclampsia can lead to very serious complications for both the mother and growing baby.

    What are the symptoms of pre-eclampsia?

    Pre-eclampsia may develop gradually but often begins abruptly after 20 weeks of pregnancy. Signs and symptoms of pre-eclampsia in women who previously had normal blood pressure levels include:

    • High blood pressure — 140/90 or greater documented on two occasions at least 6 hours but no more than 7 days apart
    • Excess protein in the urine
    • Headaches
    • Changes in vision — sensitivity to light, blurred vision or temporary vision loss
    • Upper abdominal pain
    • Nausea or vomiting
    • Dizziness
    • Sudden weight gain — typically more than 1 kg

    What are the causes of pre-eclampsia?

    Pre-eclampsia causes may include:

    • Poor diet
    • Immune disorder
    • Damage in the blood vessels
    • Insufficient blood flow to the uterus

    What are risk factors for pre-eclampsia?

    • Prior history of pre-eclampsia
    • First pregnancy
    • First child with a new partner
    • Age: The risk of pre-eclampsia is higher for women younger than 20 and older than 40
    • Obesity
    • Multiple gestation
    • Long periods of time in between pregnancies
    • Diabetes

    What are my options if I have been diagnosed with pre-eclampsia?

    The only absolute cure for pre-eclampsia is delivery. With pre-eclampsia, the mother is at increased risk of seizures, placental abruption, stroke and severe bleeding until the blood pressure decreases. If you believe that you are at risk for pre-eclampsia or that you have pre-eclampsia, visit your physician as soon as possible in order to discuss what is best for you and your growing child.

    To discuss your risk towards pre-elampsia, schedule an appointment at Fakih IVF Fertility Center today to meet with an Obstetrician.